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Archive for the ‘Mozambique’ Category

Gwinyayi A Dzinesa Discusses the Future of the Mozambican National Resistance Movement

Region-building in Southern Africa Gwinyayi A Dzinesa, co-editor of Region-building in Southern Africa, has written an article for the Institute for Security Studies’ Policy Brief with Dimpho Motsamai.

The article, titled “Renamo’s war talk and Mozambique’s peace prospects”, looks at the Mozambican National Resistance Movement (Renamo), its ability to wage war and its long-term future in the country.

Growing political tensions in Mozambique intensified in October 2013 when Mozambican government forces attacked the base of the Mozambican National Resistance Movement’s (Renamo) long-time leader Afonso Dhlakama. In reaction Renamo declared an end to the General Peace Agreement (GPA) which it had concluded with the Liberation Front of Mozambique (Frelimo) on October 4th 1992. The deteriorating relationship between the country’s two main political forces has raised fears that Mozambique may return to civil war. Nonetheless, the country held largely peaceful municipal polls on 20 November 2013, which Renamo boycotted. This boycott ensured that many of the ruling party’s seats went unchallenged and has further alienated the party from local politics. As a result, Renamo’s political future hangs in the balance, particularly in light of Mozambique’s next general elections scheduled for October 2014 in which the party’s participation remains uncertain. This policy brief analyses Renamo’s capacity to wage war and the Mozambican government’s ability to contain insecurity. It also assesses the long-term political future of Renamo.

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Dawn Nagar Calls for More Intra-country Trade in Africa

Region-building in Southern Africa Dawn Nagar, co-editor of Region-building in Southern Africa, has written about the need for more intra-country trade in Africa, in an article for the Cape Times, which has been republished on the Centre for Conflict Resolution’s site.

Nagar also discusses the challenges that have arisen from the “tripartite grouping of the East African Community (EAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).”

Africa remains the world’s only region where intra-country trade is a paltry 10 percent. As part of efforts to integrate the continent’s national economics, the African Union (AU) recently brought together nearly 400 policymakers, economists, and business people with the object of establishing a continental free trade area by 2023.

Africa’s present economic anchor is the tripartite grouping of the East African Community (EAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

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Dawn Nagar Discusses the Issue of South Africa Prioritising Domestic Concerns Over Regional and Global Ones

Region-building in Southern Africa Dawn Nagar, co-editor of Region-building in Southern Africa: Progress, problems and prospects, wrote an article for The Sunday Independent, which was republished by the Centre for Conflict Resolution, on South Africa boosting economic growth through an increased investment in infrastructure and an increase in trade.

Nagar writes that “the extent to which South Africa should prioritise domestic concerns over regional and global ones in pursuit of these goals remains unclear”.

The idea of boosting economic growth through increasing trade and investing in infrastructure is clearly articulated in the National Development Plan (NDP) of 2011. However, although Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan expanded on this in his budget speech to Parliament three months ago, the extent to which South Africa should prioritise domestic concerns over regional and global ones in pursuit of these goals remains unclear.

Pretoria believes that successful economic integration in Southern Africa and the continent as a whole depends on solid infrastructure, particularly good roads, workable railway lines, efficient border posts, and well-co-ordinated customs unions. South Africa’s infrastructure is well established but more still needs to be done to integrate it within the Southern African region. For example, a lack of co-ordination among national rail systems leads to serious delays and freight often being diverted from rail to roads.

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Celebrate Africa Day with a Discussion of Books on Peacebuilding, Region-building and the EU and Africa

Peacebuilding, Power and Politics in AfricaRegion-building in Southern Africa The EU and AfricaAs part of Africa Day celebrations at Wits University, Wits University Press, Centre for Africa’s International Relations and Wits International Relations Department invite you to a launch and discussion of three recently published books dealing with questions of peace, security and development in Africa.

The books that will be launched are Peacebuilding, Power and Politics in Africa by Gwinyayi A Dzinesa and edited by Devon Curtis, Region-building in Southern Africa : Progress, problems and prospects edited by Chris Saunders, Gwinyayi A Dzinesa and Dawn Nagar as well as The EU and Africa: From Eurafrique to Afro-Europa edited by Adekeye Adebajo and Kaye Whiteman.

A panel of African scholars will discuss these books from the prism of South Africa’s current engagement in African conflicts, Africa’s relations with Europe, and the celebrations surrounding the 50th anniversary of the formation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the predecessor of the African Union (AU).

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Launch of Region-building in Southern Africa and African-language Literatures at CTBF

 
Region-building in Southern Africa Wits Press held several talks this past weekend at the Cape Town Book Fair.

On Sunday 17 June Chris Saunders, Dawn Nagar and Gilbert Khadiagala discussed the topics raised in their book Region-building in Southern Africa: Progress, problems and prospectus. Mandy Watson tweeted from the launch using #ctbf:

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African-language LiteraturesInnocentia Mhlambi, author of African-language Literatures, Sizwe Satyo and Mbulingeni Madiba discussed new directions in the study of African-language literatures and isiZulu fiction. Mandy Watson tweeted from the launch, held on Saturday 16 June, using #ctbf:

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New from Wits Press: Mediations of Violence in Africa: Fashioning New Futures from Contested Pasts

Meditations of Violence in AfricaMeditations of Violence in Africa analyses the violence of recent African wars from the perspectives of people who experienced and witnessed them. Central to it are the words of (male) Somali poets, Zulu singers, impoverished Kenyan youth, and white South African war veterans, as well as men and women trying to refashion their lives and relationships in post-war Mozambique and Rwanda.

Two of the six chapters engage with South African mediations of violence. Liz Gunner explores the ways in which song and performance in the a capella genre of the isicathamiya mediate a complex cocktail of social and psychological violence in post-1994 KwaZulu-Natal. The songs disturb memories of ideas of masculinity and militarism; instead they imagine an active, modern, moral, and glamorous male citizenship for the men of the ‘New South Africa’.

Diana Gibson introduces the army kitbag (balsak) as a metaphor for the painful and dark memories of veterans of the border war with Angola in the apartheid state, who experienced deep psychological, social, interpersonal, political and historical disconnectedness as a result of the fighting. For some the narration of their memories and experiences has become a step towards re-establishing their connectedness and finding healing.

The mediations that are presented are moving, informative, and also highly political. They conceptualize and contextualize violence and experiences of violence in very revealing ways. The authors use their (inter-)disciplinary strengths as scholars to draw out what they feel are the most significant aspects of these African interpretations and commentaries. Purposefully inter-disciplinary and geographically wide-ranging, this volume brings together scholarly approaches ranging from cultural and medical anthropology, social/cultural history, to cultural and performance studies.

About the authors

Lidwien Kapteijns is Professor of History at Wellesley College, USA. Her published work focuses on Sudanese and Somali History.

Annemiek Richters, physician and medical anthropologist, is Professor of Culture, Health and Illness at Leiden University Medical Centre and the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, The Netherlands. Her publications focus on gender, violence and trauma, and on intercultural health care.

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  • Meditations of Violence in Africa: Fashioning New Futures from Contested Pasts edited by Lidwien Kapteijns, Annemiek Richters
    EAN: 9781868145294
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